WINSTON, FRANKLIN, AND " UNCLE JOE "
In 1940, Stalin, one of the most hated
men in the world made the cover of
Time Magazine as Man of the Year.
Three years later, Stalin was suddenly
transformed into a serene and saintly
figure. Churchill and Roosevelt called
him "Uncle Joe".
The US Office of War Information began cranking out endless propaganda aimed at portraying Stalin as a
benign leader whose only goal was freedom and justice. Similarly, Stalin in his own country presented himself
as much loved by the Russian people. If they honored him at all it was with the terrible fear that if they did not,
they would be executed as traitors.
Conference of the Big Three at Yalta
Life Magazine tried to convince the American public that the Soviets were "one helluva people", and that "they
look, dress, and think just like Americans." The British and American governments brushed aside the reality of
Stalin's murderous treachery. Hollywood was instrumental in promoting US-Soviet friendship through the
production of numerous films. (example: Mission to Moscow 1943)
Roosevelt made empty promises to Sikorski that the US would defend Polands sovereignty of its eastern
regions. He continued to lie to the Poles not wanting to disrupt the new Alliance with the Soviets. Roosevelt
advised the Polish Ambassador to the US, Jan Ciechanowski to maintain secrecy about Soviet demands for
Poland's eastern territory, but Ciechanowski adamantly refused, insisting that intervention in Poland had to be
immediate and forceful.
With a publicity ban in the US and Britain, it was impossible for the Polish government-in-exile to obtain public
support. The governments were censoring all media. With the silence of the press assured, and obliging
Sikorski to remain patient and silent, Roosevelt and Churchill effectively gave Stalin free reign to spread Soviet
propaganda against Poland and to so do completely unchallenged.
Soviet newspapers were vitriolic in bombarding the Poles
with unfounded accusations. Stalin continuously accused the
Poles of being traitors, and Nazi collaborators. He accused
Poles of desertion who refused to join the Red Army, declaring
that they were too afraid to fight the Nazis. This propaganda
was so effective that by 1943, British publications were printing
the same things.
In the eyes of the world, the Poles fell from grace, and no
amount of diplomacy could correct it.
Soviet popularity soared.
However in April 1943, with the German's discovery of the mass graves of Polish officers at Katyn,Stalin's
popularity plummeted. Irregardless, the Allies continued to appease Stalin, and give in to his every demand.
George Orwell was very outspoken in his condemnation of the relationship between Great Britain and Russia.
He wrote, "These people ( in the government and press ) don't see that if you encourage totalitarian methods,
the time may come when they will be used against you instead of for you....If liberty means anything at all, it
means the right to tell people what they do not want to hear."
Stalin made himself to appear a virtual
demigod. Soviet children learned to pray
to him instead of to God.
Stalin sought an alignment with Great Britain and America. Though he hated both countries Stalin used them as
a means to counter the Nazi attack on Russia. For the time being, he ordered the Comintern to cease
denouncing democracies and begin to call Russia itself a "democracy" despite its glaring record of fake trials,
executions, and gulag slavery. Stalin made himself to appear a virtual demigod. Soviet children learned to pray to
him instead of to God. Although he was instrumental in increasing the literacy rate of Russians, he did so only to
ensure a larger audience with which to inculcate with his twisted propaganda. Stalin or "Uncle Joe" as the Allies
called him was an expert at double-dealing, one artfully applied in his negotiations at the Conferences of the Big
Three. In domestic affairs, Stalin used the NKVD (today’s KGB) as instruments of fear to subdue any political
dissent. Even NOT to be an informer was cause for suspicion of treason. Stalin believed that it was more
effective to arrest and kill innocent people, than those guilty of real crimes. Some Russians were so terrified of
the NKVD that merely a knock on their door lead some to commit suicide. Even the NKVD was not safe from
Stalin's purges. He used threats, kidnapping, terrorism, mass killing, and slavery, all for the purpose of
consolidating his supreme power. His first victims were the Kulaks, of whom over 1,065,000 families were
slaughtered. He created the largest man-made famine in which 20 million Ukrainians starved to death because of
his agricultural reforms. While they were dying of starvation, Russian exports of food rose from 200,000 tons in
1928, to almost 5 million tons in 1934.
Neither Churchill nor Roosevelt wanted to risk upsetting Stalin. They needed Russia in order to fight against the
Nazis, all the while fearing that Russia might realign with Nazi Germany. Consequently, Britain and the US, great
powers themselves, were at the mercy of Stalin's political games.